Dec 09 2017

1 Samuel 30 – The Wicked and Worthless Appeal to as Brothers

From 1 Samuel 30 we learn that we should appeal to the wicked and worthless as brothers.

Background of 1 Samuel 30:22-25

David and his 600 men returned from the Philistines. Their city is burned. Their wives and children are captives. All their goods are spoil in the enemy’s hand. 200 of David’s men are tired and stay to protect the baggage. The 400 others go and bring everything back and more. Some of those 400 were wicked and worthless. They did not want to share the spoil with those who stayed to protect the baggage.

Application from 1 Samuel 30:22-25

When David appeals to these wicked and worthless he calls them “brothers”. And so should we.

The wicked and worthless
Appeal to as brothers

Think about it. Calling someone wicked, worthless, lazy, good for nothing, stupid, whacked, or some other negative thing is not good. It will not encourage them to improve. It may harden them. Speaking to them in a friendly way will encourage them to improve and do what is right.

Supporting Passages

These passages talk about dealing with an enemy. Are not the wicked and worthless in our groups really an enemy? If we are to treat outside enemies this way can we not call those in our own groups “brothers”?

  • 2 Kings 6:20-23 Elisha on how to deal with an enemy
  • Proverbs 25:21-22 Direct command to care for an enemy
  • Matthew 5:43-48 Jesus in the Sermon on the Mount
  • Luke 6:27-38 Sermon on the Mount in Luke
  • Romans 12:17-21 Part of Paul’s application statement for the book of Romans

Years ago I assisted in a popular public speaking course. One of the textbooks had a helpful slogan. “Give a dog a bad name and you might as well hang him. But give him a good name and he will strive to live up to it.”

The NET Bible translation of 1 Samuel 30:21-25 is easy to read.

30:23 But David said, “No! You shouldn’t do this, my brothers. Look at what the LORD has given us! He has protected us and has delivered into our hands the raiding party that came against us. 30:24 Who will listen to you in this matter? The portion of the one who went down into the battle will be the same as the portion of the one who remained with the equipment! Let their portions be the same!”
30:25 From that time onward it was a binding ordinance for Israel, right up to the present time.

Biblical Studies Press, The NET Bible First Edition; Bible. English. NET Bible.; The NET Bible (Biblical Studies Press, 2005), 1 Sa 30:23–25.

Permanent link to this article: http://edifymin.org/1-samuel-30-wicked-worthless-brothers/

Dec 09 2017

Call them brother

As the provider” consistently view and call the receiver” a brother or friend. How you label your relationship to another person controls how you think and behave toward him.   You do not want to come on to the receiver as being superior. Note the passages below. Notice what Jesus starts calling the disciples in John 15:12-17 (NASB).

“This is My commandment, that you love one another, just as I have loved you.  Greater love has no one than this, that one lay down his life for his friends. You are My friends if you do what I command you. No longer do I call you slaves, for the slave does not know what his master is doing; but I have called you friends, for all things that I have heard from My Father I have made known to you. You did not choose Me but I chose you and appointed you that you would go and bear fruit and that your fruit would remain, so that whatever you ask of the Father in My name He may give to you. This I command you, that you love one another”

If Jesus called his disciples friends, how dare I assume a prideful title!

Here are some common terms that are problematic.

  • Discipleship Has a Teacher and disciple(s).  That is a superior to an inferior relationship. It is not friendship or brotherhood. Yes, we are to make disciples but that is not a license to look down on those we help. To look down on someone is prideful. Pride is not a Christian virtue. 
  • Mentoring Has the mentor and the mentored. Again it is a superior to an inferior relationship, not a friendship.
  • Training Has a trainer and trainee, Yet again it is a superior to an inferior relationship, not a brotherhood.
  • Pastor In my sub-culture, that term often signals a paid superior. Which is a privileged relationship, not a friendship or brotherhood. If in another culture pastor” means the servant of those in his charge then that term is biblical. See 1 Peter 5:1-4.
Each man in the relationship often has a different term for it. Those terms may change over time. That change will signal changes in the relationship.
Let the younger receiver call you and your relationship what he will. That is his freedom.  You as the older person should consistently use brother” or friend” of the other person. Hopefully, your relationship will mature to the point that he will you call you friend or brother. 
Both of you should ponder and apply Matthew. 23:8-12. (NASB).
  • “But do not be called Rabbi; for One is your Teacher, and you are all brothers. Do not call anyone on earth your father; for One is your Father, He who is in heaven. Do not be called leaders; for One is your Leader, that is, Christ. But the greatest among you shall be your servant. Whoever exalts himself shall be humbled, and whoever humbles himself shall be exalted.”

Example of using “brother”:

An actual dialog I recently had:
  • Him: I am glad I have you as a mentor.
  • Me: I love having you as a friend and brother.
  • Him: I love it when you call me that. 

So truly see your service (ministry) to younger men as both friendship and brotherhood. Do not view yourself as a father figure. 

 Stick figure brother with arm around brother
This even applies to bad guys.

Permanent link to this article: http://edifymin.org/call-them-brother/

Aug 21 2015

Jesus Ate with Sinners

In Luke 15 the Pharisees despise Jesus because Jesus ate with sinners.

Jesus ate with sinners making the Pharisees indignant

Jesus responds to this charge by telling three parables. (On this web site pointing to any Bible reference will give you a pop-up of the text.)

  1. The rejoicing shepherd (Luke 15:4-7)
  2. The rejoicing woman (Luke 15:8-10)
  3. The rejoicing father (Luke 15:11-32)

These titles come from the “punch line” of each parable. They are in Luke 15:6, 9, 32.

Jesus also gave spiritual applications for the first two. Notice Luke 15:7, 10. He did not need to do it for the last one. It was now obvious.

The parables explain why Jesus ate with sinners.

These parables seem off topic. They talk about a lost sheep, coin and son. These are but a vehicle to carry the main point. Jesus ate with sinners to find those who are lost from the Heavenly Father. When Jesus finds them the Heavenly Father rejoices.

Those who are lost fall into three categories:

  1. Those like the sheep who have innocently wandered away.
  2. Those like the coin who through neglect or mishandling are now lost.
  3. Those like the son who are in deliberate rebellion.

To find any of these requires being available to them. Out where they are not in some “holy huddle”.

  1. Finding the innocent wanderers requires listening to their cry of distress and returning them “home”.
  2. Finding the neglected or mishandled requires bringing light into their darkened world.
  3. Finding the rebellious requires being ready and watching for their return from the mess they now experience.

Jesus ate with sinners shouldn’t we?

We like to eat with holy people and be seen in their company. But are we willing to eat with sinners? Do we want our Heavenly Father to rejoice? Do we look like Jesus or a Pharisee? More importantly, do we have the Pharisees’ attitude or Jesus’ attitude toward sinners?

Permanent link to this article: http://edifymin.org/jesus-ate-with-sinners/

Aug 15 2015

Telling God HURRY UP!

Telling God Hurry Up Is Sin

People telling God hurry upLet me paraphrase that

  • Woe to those who work hard at sinning (rebelling against God).
  • They do this by telling (or you could even say commanding) God to:
    • Hurry  up and fulfill the promises You made to our fathers!
      • We want to see if they are real.
    • Hurry up make Your purposes happen!
      • So we know what Your purposes really are. (Implying that they think He really does not have any.)

Isaiah 5 has a list of woes on those who cause problems in Israel. The third one is in Isaiah 5:18-19.The woe is on those who go around telling God hurry up.

They do this by making arrogant demands. These imperatives (the jussive form in Oriental languages) show that the person making the demand thinks that he is superior to God. Satan fell when he decided he would make himself like or superior to the Most High. (Isaiah 14:14)

When Satan temped Jesus in the wilderness one of the temptations was to “put God to the test”. That is see if God really will fulfill His promise that God would protect Jesus. Matthew 4:5-7

We also have a direct commandment not to put God to some test. See Deuteronomy 6:16 You can read about that incident Exodus 17:1-7.

How am I telling God hurry up?

There is an old saying that illustrates how we sometimes do that today. It goes “Lord I need patience, but hurry up!” We must be careful not to use prayer as a way to issues directives to God. Pray is not to cause our will on earth to be done in heaven but to bring us into to submission to living out heaven’s will while we are living on this earth. See Matthew 6:10

Recently I have found that too many of my prayers and the prayers that I hear are veiled attempts to get my will done in heaven. Yes we share our concerns with our Heavenly Father, but we do not command Him. It is fine to share our requests with our Father. The problem is when those request become demands. Let’s be careful to thank our Father for all the good things He does for us each day. When we do that then we will be less tempted to issue our demands that we think heaven should obey.

Permanent link to this article: http://edifymin.org/telling-god-hurry-up/

Aug 09 2015

Cultural Rhythms Maybe Protective

“In the spring of the year, the time when kings go out to battle” (2 Samuel 11:1) But that spring King David did not follow one of the cultural rhythms of his day. He stayed home in his palace. Bad idea. Notice the horrible chain of events that follow that one lazy indiscretion.

King David's lust from not following cultural rhythms

David’s Lustful Stare

Violating Cultural Rhythms Opens the Way for Major Sin

  1. David stays home instead of going to war with his army like kings normally do.
  2. At a lustful time of the day David spots a beautiful woman bathing.
  3. He inquires about her. And learns that she is Bathsheba the wife of Uriah the Hittite. Uriah is one of David’s mighty men (2 Sam 23:39).
  4. David has her brought into this house and rapes her. This is also adultery since David is already married.
  5. She reports her pregnancy.
  6. David brings her husband Uriah in from the war. He gets a report from Uriah about the success of Joab and army. He then encourages Uriah to go sleep with his wife. He also sent a present to their house.
  7. Uriah refuses to sleep with his wife because the other men are in the field and at war. A sharp contrast to David at home violating Uriah’s wife.
  8. The next morning Uriah explains his moral reason not to go home and sleep with his wife. Uriah even mentions that the Arc of the Covenant at the battle. (If the Arc, the localized presence of God, was in the battle why was King David not?)
  9. The next day David get Uriah drunk at a banquet. Yet Uriah still refuses to sleep with his wife. (Yea Uriah!)
  10. The next morning David writes a letter to Joab instructing him to make sure Uriah dies in the battle and suggests how to do it.
  11. David sends Uriah’s “death warrant” to Joab in the hand of Uriah. (Uriah might not have known the contents of the message but that is still cruel.)
  12. Joab follows David’s instructions. He puts Uriah in the hottest part of the battle and then withdraws from him.
  13. The tactic works. Uriah and several others die in the skirmish.
  14. Joab sends a messenger to David with a carefully planned two-part message. First that during a skirmish they got to close to the wall and the enemy archers killed several of us. The messenger is then to expect David to send a rebuke to Joab. After hearing the rebuke the messenger is to then report Uriah’s death. This does several things
    1. It shows that Joab knew better than to get close to the wall.
    2. It make David responsible for the all the deaths in that skirmish since David’s plan involved a group.
    3. It makes David’s rebuke look silly. In effect David is rebuking himself.
  15. The messenger does not follow directions. He gives both parts of the message without the break between them to allow David to respond to the first part. This defeats Joab’s intended purpose.
  16. David sends an encouraging message to Joab. Of course he did. Joab just did David’s dirty work. David needed to thank Joab.
  17. Bathsheba learns of Uriah’s death. She enters into mourning.
  18. When the cultural period of mourning is over David adds her to his wives.
  19. The out-of-wedlock pregnancy yields David a son.
  20. (Summary) What David did displeased the Lord. (2 Samuel 11:27) It appears that David is not aware or is in denial about his transgression.
  21. The Lord sends the prophet Nathan to David.
  22. God has Nathan tell David about a man who was rich in flock and herds of sheep and goats.
  23. He also details a poor man
    1. He only has one small lamb, a female
    2. He purchased the lamb
    3. He carefully cared for the lamb
    4. The lamb grew up with the poor man and his children
    5. The lamb shares the poor man’s scant meals and drinks from the poor man’s cup
    6. The lamb was like a daughter to the poor man
  24. The rich man has a visitor
    1. The rich man does not use his own wealth to serve the visitor a meal
    2. The rich man took the poor man’s lamb and butchered it for the rich man’s visitor.
  25. Nathan pauses and David pronounces his angry judgment. David says:
    1. The rich man had no pity
    2. The rich man must repay 4 time the value of the lamb (Exodus 22:1)
    3. The rich man deserves to die
  26. Nathan identifies the rich man as King David. “You are that rich man.” In effect, David has just pronounced judgment on himself. (Just like Joab attempted.)
  27. Nathan relays God’s account of what He has done for David
    1. I (God) made you king
    2. I delivered you from Saul
    3. I gave you Saul’s estate
    4. I gave you Saul’s wives
    5. I gave you rule over all the descendents of Jacob (Israel)
    6. I planned to give you even more.
  28. Nathan announces God’s evaluation
    1. David’s family will always be at war
    2. He has rejected the way of the Lord
    3. He has taken Uriah’s wife to be his wife
  29. Nathan announces God’s judgment on David
    1. David’s family will do evil to David
    2. David’s wives will be taken from him and he will see it.
    3. They will be raped and everyone will know it
    4. What David did in secret with be judged out it the open and in front of all Israel
  30. David confesses his sin
  31. Nathan assures David that the Lord removed his sin and that David will not die.
  32. However
    1. Because the Lord’s enemies now have reason to blaspheme
    2. The child born as a result of David’s rape will die
  33. The fulfillment begins:
    1. The child get very sick
    2. David demonstrates repentance
      1. He prays to the Lord
      2. He fasts
      3. He sleeps out on the ground
      4. He refuses to be comforted and eat
    3. Seven days later the child dies
      1. David’s servants fear to tell him for fear he will harm himself
      2. David guesses the child is dead
      3. When this is confirmed David returns to normal life.
      4. David questioned about his behavior
        1. He fasted and wept in case the Lord might be gracious to David
        2. Once the child died there was no need. The child will not come back to life
        3. In time David will join the child in death
  34. Another son, Solomon, is born to David through Bathsheba. Renamed “Beloved of the Lord” by Nathan
  35. Joab captures Rabbah which he was sent to do at the beginning of this account
  36. David goes out to claim the victory where he should have been at the beginning of this account
  37. The rest of the judgments for David’s sin happen the following chapters. It is long and complex.

Cultural Rhythms and Us

  • Not all not all violations of cultural rhythms will result in this sort of mess.
  • All cultural rhythms are not necessarily good.
  • If a cultural rhythm violate love of fellow believers or is otherwise immoral then reject it.
  • Do not confuse culture and its rhythms with a belief that Jesus is God.

Some possible positive cultural rhythms

  • At  the time of the year that citizens pay their taxes
  • At the season when extended families get together
  • At the time of year when men set up fish camp and set their nets for salmon
  • At the time of the year that housekeepers do an extra thorough job of cleaning
  • At the time of the year when truck farmers plant potatoes
  • At the time of the year when ranchers take their stock to the high country
  • At the time of the year when people winterize their summer cabins

 

Permanent link to this article: http://edifymin.org/cultural-rhythms/

Jul 25 2015

Small Group Discipleship Bible Study

Not long ago I got good tips on small group discipleship from the book Miraculous Movements by Trousdale. I love their suggestions on doing small group (house church)  discipleship as a Bible study. Below is a simplified version of their suggestions that get to the core of the method.

When you go through a passage (the best thing) or a topic (second best) ask three questions.

  1. What is God saying to us right now in light of what we have just seen in God’s Book?
  2. What are we going to do about it? (You may need to ask “How?” to get to a practical (executable) application.)
  3. With whom do we need to share these things?

If these questions do not seem to fit, then change how you are sharing this scripture. You may be just transferring technical facts. We need to approach God’s Book with a “life change,” or “character change” perspective.

When you meet next time start by asking

  1. What did we see in God’s Book last time?
  2. How did it go with doing the things we said we would do based on what we saw in God book? (answers to questions 2 and 3 asked last week)
  3. Now let us learn new lessons from God’s Book.

Easy method. Profound results in people’s’ lives.  (The method is close to the one given in the Miraculous Movements book. The book calls it Discover Bible Study.) What do you think?

 

Small group discipleship network

Permanent link to this article: http://edifymin.org/small-group-discipleship-bible-study/

Jul 24 2015

Too soon I too will die

Too soon I too will die

That fact ought to influence how I live. The details of how I live.. Ecclesiastes 7:2 says  it is good to go a house of mourning so that I take to heart the fact that too soon I too will die,

So why am I collecting books, clothing, money, furniture, fame etc. when all too soon I too will die. Life is all about how I mirror Jesus’ love to others. What have I done in the past 24 hours that directly reflects the love of Jesus to others? What can I do in the next 24 hours to directly show Jesus’ love to others? Notice the word “directly”. This mean what I do must be one on one with the other person. Giving money to a charity is not directly sharing the love of Jesus.

I know that sounds like a real drag, a real kill joy. However I have found in these past 70 years that more I focus on loving others the greater my own freedom and joy. Loving others is the fastest path to personal peace and happiness.

Try it for a month and see what happens.

Permanent link to this article: http://edifymin.org/too-soon-i-too-will-die/

Nov 22 2012

Psalm 102 – Affliction and Restoration

Psalm 102 has three parts. In the first part the psalmist cries to the LORD in distress. In the second part he speaks of the LORD’s deliverance from distress. The third part speaks of the LORD’s actions as a testimony to others.

The LORD allows affliction – Psalm 102:1-11, 23-26

We do not want to hear this.  We do want to hear of His loving restoration and care.  However there are examples in the Bible of God allowing innocent people to be afflicted.  Here are just a few. I am sure you can think of more. When you do why not post them as a comment?  Hebrews 11:17 ff would be a good place to find other examples.

  1. God says Job is the most righteous man on earth. (Job 1:8; 2:3) Yet He allows Satan to afflict him. (Job 1:12; 2:7)
  2. Joseph does nothing wrong. He protects his purity.  Yet he is jailed for years.  His Egyptian master did it. (Genesis 39:6-20)
  3. Jesus the sinless Son of God and the promised Messiah is afflicted. The Jewish leaders and the Roman government did it. (Isaiah 53:1-10)

In each of these cases it is a godless person or group that afflicts.  Yet God allows it to happen. In these cases affliction is not a result of sin. Sin may also cause affliction, but not in these examples.

The LORD restores the afflicted – Psalm 102:12-17, 27-28

Those whom the LORD allows to be afflicted He restores.

  1. Job gains greater understanding of God (Job 42:1-6).  He also is granted twice as much as the affliction removed. (Job 42:10)
  2. Joseph the become ruler of Egypt. (Genesis 41:38-44)
  3. Jesus is exalted above all beings in heaven and earth.  He is to be worshiped by all. (Philippians 2:9-11)

How we should respond

  1. We may be the ones to carry out the LORD’s deliverance of others. (Psalm 102:18-22) God may have chosen us to serve Him in this way.
  2. We should not assume that all affliction is the result of sin. Job’s “friends” did this. God demanded they repent. (Job 42:7-9)
  3. We should see affliction as possibly a blessing. Maybe God deals with us as sons. (Hebrews 12:5-6; Proverbs 3:11-12)

Summary:

The LORD allows affliction
The LORD restores the afflicted


There are some other notes on Psalm 102 at Bible.org.

Permanent link to this article: http://edifymin.org/psalm-102-affliction-restoration/

Nov 17 2012

Luke 7 – Self-righteousness, Forgiveness and Love

Luke 7:40-48 records Jesus’ use of situation to teach. He is at dinner with pharisee who failed to show him common courtesies. These include washing to dust off Jesus’ feet, giving a greeting kiss, and giving him oil to brighten his hair and face. These failures show he has no love for Jesus. By way of contrast, a woman of bad reputation has more than made up for these. (Be sure to read the entire passage by clicking on one of the links. That will display the passage in Biblia.com.)

A lesson from Luke 7:40-48

The self-righteous
Show no love

The pharisees were known for being self-righteous. This pharisee’s failure to show common respect means he has no love for Jesus This lack of love shows his self-righteousness.Plant this truth deep in your heart. When you sense a lack of love check to see if you are being self-righteous. Sometimes saying no to a request is the best way to show love. You do not want to enable others bad habits. Being an enabler would not be loving.

Another lesson from Luke 7:40-48

The forgiven love
The one who forgave

The woman’s sins were forgive in the past. (Jesus used the perfect tense in verse 28 to show that.) Her acts of love toward Jesus reflect that forgiveness. When I am forgiven how do I respond? If I do not think I need forgiveness am I just being self-righteous?

God is the one who ultimately forgives sins. How can I express my love to Him? Maybe the best way is to show love to others people. Especially others who have also repented to God. Doing this is to fulfill the new covenant as expressed in John 13:34.

We can combine these lessons

The self-righteous show no love
The forgiven love the forgiver

Today let us not be like the pharisee in Luke 7. Let us be like the woman by showing love. Let us show love to God by loving other believers. Those who have been forgiven.

Permanent link to this article: http://edifymin.org/luke-7-self-righteousness-forgiveness-and-love/

Nov 13 2012

Psalm 101 – I Will Focus On Nothing Worthless

I am so taken by David’s ethical standards in Psalm 101 that I want to focus on another in Psalm 101:3

We can read the first line of that verse as

I will focus
On nothing worthless

On what do I focus? What occupies my mind? To what do I pay attention? With what do I become involved? That focus or involvement may be physical, or visual, or even mental.

How many of these things are “worthless”? Are they morally objectionable, wicked or sinful? Maybe they are not directly wrong, but if they do not advance what is good then maybe they are worthless.

As you ponder this truth the Holy Spirit will bring to mind some worthless things you need to remove from your focus. A way to ponder truths like this is to allow no other thoughts in your mind as you walk from place to place.

Technical Discussion of Psalm 101 3a

A word for word “translation” of the Hebrew might be “Not will I set before my eyes thing worthless.”

Much of what follows comes from the UBS Translators Handbook for Psalm 101

I will focus

The Holy Spirit has David use the Hebrew phrase “I will set before my eyes” three times in the book of Psalms (Psalm 26:3; Psalm 101:3; Psalm 101:7) “I will focus” rewords the Hebrew phrase “I will set my eyes.” It may mean to physically see. But can mean to focus upon, or pay attention to.

On nothing worthless

My moral code must come from Scripture. I may make this code stricter based on the communities in which I live. If I offend my brother-in-Christ by some liberty which scripture allows then I may limit that freedom to keep from offending my brother. 1 Corinthians 8:1-10:33 discuss this in detail.

Permanent link to this article: http://edifymin.org/psalm-101-i-focus-on-nothing-worthlessl/

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